home | members | research | publications | acknowledgements | contact


Peer-Reviewed Papers

Published Abstracts
(2010 - 2006)

Published Abstracts
(2005 - 1977)

Other Publications


Peer-Revied Papers


Lee, D., Kim, S., Jackson, K., Fiume, E., and Agur, A. (2015). “A practical approach to in vivo quantification of physiological cross-sectional area of human skeletal muscle.” Journal of Biomechanics, Preprint version. Senior author.

Weber, J.F., Agur, A.M.R., Fattah, A.Y., Gordon, K.D., and Oliver, M.L. (2015). “Tensile mechanical properties of human forearm tendons.” Journal of Hand Surgery (Eur), XXE(X), 1-9.

Chinchalkar, S.J., Pipicelli, J.G., Agur, A., and Athwal, G. (2015). “Zone III flexor tendon injuries - A proposed modification to rehabilitation.” Journal of Hand Therapy, doi:10.1016/j.jht.2014.11.008.

Walton, C., Li, Z., Pennings, A., Agur, A., and Elmaraghy, A. (2015). “A 3-dimensional anatomic study of the distal biceps tendon: Implications for surgical repair and reconstruction.” The Orthopedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 3(5), 1-6.

Lisk, K., McKee, P., Baskwill, A., and Agur, A.M. (2015). “Student perceptions and effectiveness of an innovative learning tool: Anatomy Glove Learning System.” Anatomical Sciences Education, 8, 140-148.

Pain, L.M., Baker, R., Richardson, D., and Agur, A.M. (2015). “Effect of trunk-restraint training on function and compensatory trunk, shoulder and elbow patterns during post-stroke reach: A systematic review.” Disability and Rehabilitation, 37(7), 553-562. Senior author.

Roberts, S.L., Burnham, R.S., Ravichandiran, K., Agur, A.M., and Loh, E.Y. (2014). “Cadaveric study of sacro-iliac joint innervation: Implications for diagnostic blocks and radiofrequency ablation.” Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, 39, 456-464. AWARD: Paper of Year, Canadian Association of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2015.


Lee, D., Li, Z., Sohail, Q.Z., Jackson, K., Fiume, E., and Agur, A.M. (2014). “A three-dimensional approach to pennation angle estimation for human skeletal muscle.” Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering.

Lisk, K., Flannery, J.F., Loh, E.Y., Richardson, D., Agur, A.M.R., and Woods, N.N. (2014). “Determination of clinically relevant content for a musculoskeletal anatomy curriculum for physical medicine and rehabilitation residents.” Anatomical Sciences Education, 7, 135-143.

Schwartz, S.M., Evans, C., and Agur, A.M. (2014). “Comparison of physical therapy anatomy grades and anxiety scores in timed and untimed practical tests.” Anatomical Sciences Education, Anat Sci Educ.

Li, Z., Mogk, J.P.M., Lee, D., Bibliowicz, J., and Agur, A.M. (2014). “Development of an architecturally comprehensive database of forearm flexors and extensors from a single cadaveric specimen.” Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering: Imaging & Visualization (epub ahead of print).

Warden, J.M., Roberts, S.L., Chang, Y., Baker, R., Boulias, C., Ismail, F., and Agur, A.M. (2014). “Neuromuscular partitioning of subscapularis based on intramuscular nerve distribution patterns: Implications for botulinum toxin injections.” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 95, 1408-1415.

Brett, A.W., Oliver, M.L., Agur, A.M., Edwards, A.M., and Gordon, K.D. (2014). “Quantification of the transverse carpal ligament elastic properties by sex and region.” Clinical Biomechanics, 29, 601-606.

Co-author. Kelley, P., Richards, D., Woolridge, N. and Agur, A.M. (2014). “Producing a 3D animation on concussions.” Journal of Biocommunication, 39, E59-E65.

Arad, E., Li, Z., Sitzman, T.J., Agur, A.M. and Clarke, H.M. (2014). “Anatomic sites of origin of the suprascapular and lateral pectoral nerves within the brachial plexus.” Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 133, 20e-27e.


Davies, J.C., Agur, A.M.R., and Fattah, A.Y. (2013). “Anatomic landmarks for localization of the branches of the facial nerve.” OA Anatomy, Dec01;1(4):33.

D’Anastasio, R., Wroe, S., Tuniz, C., Mancini, L., Cesana, D.T., Dreossi, D. Ravichandiran, M., Attard, M., Parr, W.C.H., Agur, A. and Capasso, L. (2013). “Micro-biomechanics of the Kebra 2 hyoid and its implications for speech in Neanderthals.” PLOS ONE, 8, 1-7 (e82261).

Chang, Y., Cantelmi, D., Fattah, A.Y., Wisco,J.J., Hannam, A. and Agur, A. M. (2013). “Evidence for the functional compartmentalization of the temporalis muscle: A 3D study of innervation.” Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 71, 1170-1177.

Thomas, J.D., Li, Z., Agur, A.M. and Robinson, P. (2013). “Imaging the acetabular labrum.”Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology, 17, 248-257.

Fattah, A. Y., Ravichandiran, K., Zucker, R. M., and Agur A.M. (2013). “A three-dimensional study of the musculotendinous and neurovascular architecture of the gracilis muscle: application to functional muscle transfer.”Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery, 66, 1230-1237.

Leung, R., Zeller, R., Walker, K., Krauel, K., Mihailidis, A., Agur, A., Carnahan, H., Wang, D. and Zabjek, K. (2013). “Towards the development of a haptic simulator of surgical gestures in orthopaedic spine surgery”. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, 184, 254-260.


Davies, J.C., Fattah, A., Ravichandiran, M. and Agur, A. M. (2012). “Clinically relevant landmarks of the frontotemporal branch of the facial nerve: A three-dimensional study”. Clinical Anatomy, 25, 858-865.

Davies, J., Makepeace, C., Cantelmi, D, Liebgott, B., Ravichandiran, M., Ravichandiran, K. and Agur, A. (2012). “Lateral Pterygoid Muscle: A three-dimensional analysis of neuromuscular partitioning”. Clinical Anatomy, 25, 576-583.

Ravichandiran, M., Ravichandiran, N., Ravichandiran, K., McKee, N., Richarson, D., Oliver, M. and Agur, A. (2012). “Neuromuscular partitioning of the extensor carpi radialis longus and brevis based on intramuscular nerve distribution patterens: a three dimensional modeling study”. Clinical Anatomy, 25, 366-372 .

Lee, D., Ravichandiran, K., Jackson, K., Fiume, E., and Agur, A. (2012). “Robust estimation of PCSA and geometric reconstruction for human skeletal muscle”. Journal of Biomechanics, 45(8), 1507-1513.

Holtz, C., Grossman, T., Fitzmaur.ice, G. and Agur, A. (2012).”Implanted user interfaces”. Proceedings of the 2012 ACM Annual Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 503-512.

Presented at 2012 ACM Annual Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, May 5-10, 2012. Austin, Texas, USA. Press releases: Txchnologist (Volume 14, 2012). Charles Q Choi. “Implanted user interfaces: I’ve got you under my skin.” and InformationWeek(May 2, 2012). Ken Terry. “Implanted user interface gives patients new options”.


Bibliowicz, J., Khan, A., Agur, A. and Singh, K. (2011). “High-precision surface reconstruction of human bones from point-sampled data”. data and creation of a three-dimensional representation of the wrist”. Proceedings of the 2011 International Summit on Human Simulation (ISHS), Pete Beach, Florida, USA, May 26-27, 2011. Best presentation award.

Fattah, A., Curtis, C.G., Agur, A.M.R. and Clarke, H.M. (2011)“Functional contribution of T1 to the brachial plexus in infants”. The Journal of Hand Surgery European Volume, 37E(3), 237-243.

Weber, J., Agur, A., Oliver, M. and Gordon, K. (2011). “Quantification of cross-sectional area variability along tendon length”. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering.

Hatzantonis, C., Agur, A., Naraghi, A., Gautier, S. snd McKee, N. (2011). “Dissecting the Accessory Soleus Muscle: A literature review, cadaveric study, and imaging study”. Clinical Anatomy, 24, 903-910.


ElMaraghy, A.W., Devereaux, M., Ravichandiran, K. and Agur, A.M. (2010). “Subacromial morphometric assessment of the clavicle hook plate.” Injury 41, 613-619.

Kim, S., Bleakney, R., Boynton, E., Ravichandiran, K., Rindlisbacher, T., McKee, N. and Agur, A. (2010). “Investigation of the static and dynamic musculotendinous architecture of supraspinatus”. Clinical Anatomy 23, 48-55.

Ravichandiran, K., Ravichandiran, M., Oliver, M., Singh, K., McKee, N., and Agur, A.M.R. “Fiber bundle element method of determining physiological cross-sectional area from three-dimensional computer muscle models created from digitized fiber bundle data.” (2010). Computer Methods and Programs in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering 13 (6): 741-748.

Gong, M., Oliver, M., Dony, R., Semechko, A., Agur, A. and Salonen, D. “Development of a three-dimensional finite element model of the hand and wrist for virtual prototyping”. Proceedings of the American Society of Biomechanics Annual Conference, Providence, Rhode Island, August 2010. (M. Gong was awarded a SIMULIA Travel Award).

Davidge, K., van Furth W.R., Agur, A. and Cusimano M. (2010). “Naming the soft tissue layers of the temporoparietal region: unifying anatomic terminology across surgical disciplines.” Neurosurgery 67: 120-130.


Ravichandiran, K., Ravichandiran, M., Oliver, M., Singh, K., McKee, N., and Agur, A.M.R. (2009). “Determining physiological cross-sectional area of extensor carpi radialis longus and brevis as a whole and by regions using 3D computer muscle models created from digitized fiber bundle data.” Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine 95, 203-212.


Rosatelli, A. and Agur A. (2008). “Three-dimensional study of the musculotendinous architecture of lumbar multifidus and its functional implications”. Clinical Anatomy 21, 539-546.

McClatchie, L., Laprade, J., Martin, S., Jaglal,S., Richardson, D. and Agur, A. “Mobilizations of the asymptomatic cervical spine can reduce signs of shoulder dysfunction in adults.”(2008). Manual Therapy.

Fung, L., Wong, B., Ravichandiran, K., Rindlisbacher, T., Agur, A., ElMaraghy, A. “Three Dimensional Study of Pectoralis Major Muscle and Tendon Architecture.” (2008). Clinical Anatomy.

Salehi, F., Agur, A., Scheithauer, B., Kovacs, K., Lloyd, R. and Cusimano, M. (2008). “Ki-67 in pituitary neoplasms: a review (part I)”. Neurosurgery.

Salehi, F., Agur, A., Scheithauer, B., Kovacs, K., Lloyd, R. and Cusimano, M. (2008). “Ki-67 in pituitary neoplasms: a review (part II)”. Neurosurgery.

Verma, A., Branigan, M., Katzman, M. and Agur, A. (2008). “Does the Art of Living help medical students cope with anxiety?”. Teaching and Learning in Medicine (submitted).


Ross, M., Brewer, K., Wright, V. and Agur, A. (2007). “Closed neural tube defects: Neurologic, orthopaedic and gait outcomes”. Pediatric Physical Therapy 19, 288-295.

Robinson, P., Salehi, F., Grainger, A., Clemence, A., Schilders, E., O’Connor, P. and Agur, A. (2007). “Cadaveric and MRI study of themusculotendinous contributions to the capsule of the symphysis pubis”. American Journal of Roentgenology, May, W440-W445.

Soo, K., Boynton, E., Ravichandiran, K., Fung, L. and Agur A. (2007). “A three-dimensional study of` the musculotendinous architecture of supraspinatus and its functional correlations”. Clinical Anatomy.

Ross, M., Brewer, K., Wright, V. and Agur, A. (2007). “Closed neural tube defects: Neurologic, orthopaedic and gait outcomes”. Pediatric Physical Therapy.


Wu, F., Ng-Thow-Hing, V., Singh, K., Agur, A. and McKee, N. (2006). “Computational representation of the`aponeuroses as NURBS surfaces in 3-D musculoskeletal models”. Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine.

Tang, K., Morris, A., Naumann, S., Popovic, M., Narayanan, U. and Agur, A. (2006). “Analysis of lower limb skeletal geometry in children with cerebral palsy”. Gait and Posture.

Leon L., Liebgott, B., Agur A. and Norwich, K. (2006). “Computational model of the movement of the human muscles of mastication during opening and closin of the jaw". Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering 9(6), 387-398.

Rosatelli, A.L., Agur, A. and Chhaya, S. (2006). “Anatomy of the interosseous region of the sacroiliac joint”. Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy 36(4), 200-208.

vanFurth, W., Agur A., Cusimano, M. and Woolridge, N. (2006). “The orbitozygomatic approach”. Neurosurgery 58/ONS, 103-107.


Mader, S., Wilson-Pauwels, L., Nancekivell, S. Lax, L. Agur, A. and Mazierski, D. (2005) “Medical-legal illustrations, animations and interactive media: Personal injury lawyers’ perceptions of effective attributes”. The Journal of Biocommunication, 31(3), 1-12.

Stewart, P., Agur, A., Liebgott, B., Wiley, M. and Mikulis, D. (2005). “Functional Neuroanatomy.” Health Education Assets Library: http://www.healcentral.org, Publication ID =18. Accepted for publication with acclamation.

Chhaya, S., White, L.M., Kandel, R. and Agur A. (2005). “Transarticular invasion of bone tumors across the sacroiliac joint”. Skeletal Radiology.

McKee, N., Agur, A., Tsang, W. and Singh, K. (2005). “Possible uses of computer modelling of the functioning human hand”. Clinics in Plastic Surgery 32(4), 635-641.

Tang, K., Morris, A., Naumann, S., Agur, A. and Narayanana, U. (2005). “Validation of a 3D bony reconstruction method from MRI”. Computer Methods in Biomechanics & Biomedical Engineering -5. First Numerics Ltd. United Kingdom. (6 pages). ISBN 0-9549670-0-3 in CD format only.

McKee, N., Agur, A., Tsang, W. and Singh, K. (2005). “Imagining what 3-D computer modelling of muscle offers reconstructive surgeons”. International Proceedings of the III Congress of the World Society for Reconstructive Microsurgery, 59-63, Medimond S.r.l., Bologna, Italy.


Kovler, M., Lundon, K., McKee, N. and Agur A. (2004). “The human first carpometacarpal joint: Osteoarthritic degeneration and 3-Dimensional modeling”. Journal of Hand Therapy 17(4), 393-400.

Jemmett, R., MacDonald, D. and Agur, A. (2004). “Anatomical relationships between selected segmental muscles of the lumbar spine in the context of multi-planar segmental motion: A preliminary investigation”. Manual Therapy 9, 203-210.


Loh, E., Agur, A. and McKee, N. (2003). “Intramuscular innervation of the human soleus muscle: a three-dimensional model”. Clinical Anatomy, 16, 378-382.

Robinson, P., White, L.M., Agur A., Wunder, J. and Bell, R. (2003). “Obturator externus bursa: Anatomic origin and MR imaging features of pathologic involvement”. Radiology, 228(1), 230-234.

Suhardja, A., Agur, A. and Cusimano, M. (2003). “Anatomical basis of approaches to foramen magnum and lower clival meningiomas: Comparison of retrosigmoid and transcondylar approaches”. Neurosurgical Focus, 14(6), Article 9.

Agur, A., Ng-Thow-Hing, V., Ball, K.A., Fiume, E. and McKee, N. (2003). “Documentation and three-dimensional modelling of human soleus muscle architecture”. Clinical Anatomy, 16(4), 285-293.


Martin, D., Medri, M., Chow, R., Oxorn, V., Leekam, R., Agur, A. and McKee, N. (2001). “Comparing Human Skeletal Muscle Architectural Parameters of Cadavers with In Vivo Ultrasonographic Measurements”. Journal of Anatomy, 199, 429-434.

Ng-Thow-Hing, V., Agur, A. and McKee, N. (2001). “A muscle model that captures external shape, internal fibre architecture, and permits simulation of active contraction with volume preservation”. Computer Methods in Biomechanics & Biomedical Engineering - 2, First Numerics Ltd. United Kingdom. (6 pages).

Suhardja, A., Cusimano, M. and Agur, A. (2001). “Surgical Exposure and Resection of the Vertical Part of the Petrous Carotid Artery (VPCA): An Anatomical Study”. Neurosurgery, 49:3, 665-670.


Chow, R., Medri, M., Martin, D., Agur, A., Leekam, R. and McKee, N. (2000). “Sonographic Studies of Human Soleus and Gastrocnemius Architecture: Gender Variability”. European Journal of Physiology, 82:3, 236-244.

McKee, N., Agur, A., Ng-Thow-Hing V., Ball, K. and Fiume, E. (2000). “Creation of an Anatomically Accurate 3-D Computer Model of the Muscle Fibres of the Human Soleus”. Proceedings of 5th International Muscle Symposium, M. Frey, P. Giovanoli, R. Koller (eds), 168-171.


Leekam, R., Agur, A. and McKee, N. (1999). “Sonographic Diagnosis of Plantaris Muscle and Tendon Injury”. American Journal of Roentgenology, 172:1, 185-189.


Ng-Thow-Hing V., Agur, A., Ball, K., Ng, V., Leekam, R., Fiume, E. and McKee, N. (1998). “Shape Reconstruction and Subsequent Deformation of Soleus Muscle Models using B-spline Solid Primitives”. Laser-Tissue Interaction IX, S.L. Jacques (ed), SPIE Proceedings 3254, 423-434, 1998. ISBN# 0-8194-2693-8.

Ng-Thow-Hing, V., Agur, A., Ball, K., Ng, V., Leekam, R., Fiume, E. and McKee, N. (1998). “Reconstruction of Multiple Regions of Muscle Fiber Architecture Using B-Spline Solid Models”. Proceedings of NACOB’98, Third North American Congress on Biomechanics University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, 219-220, 1998.

Oxorn, V., Agur, A. and McKee, N. (1998). “Resolving Discrepancies in Image Research: The Importance of Direct Observation in the Illustration of the Human Soleus Muscle”. Journal of Biocommunication, 25:1, 16-25.


Bickerton, L., Agur, A. and Ashby, P. (1997). “Flexor Digitorum Superficialis: Location of Individual Muscle Bellies for Botulinum Toxin Injection”. Muscle and Nerve, 20:1041-1043.


Taylor, I.M., Wiley, M.J. and Agur, A. (1980). “Retinoic Acid-Induced Heart Malformation in the Hamster”. Teratology, 21:2, 193-197.